Free and Forced Convective Heat Transfer through a Nanofluid with Two Dimensions past Stretching Vertical Plate

Authors: B. Sailaja, G. Srinivas, B. Suresh Babu

Volume 7, Issue3, Paper No. 070302


  The present study focus on both free and forced convective heat transfer through a nanofluid in two dimensions past stretching vertical plate. This free and forced convective heat transfer in Cu–water Nanofluid past permeable flat vertical semi-infinite plate was due to high conductivity and its occurrence. In this paper magnetic field and also heat source were considered. In graphs the effect on various parameters such as Reynolds number (Re) , solid volume fraction (φ), magnetic field parameter (M), inclination angle of the plate (γ ), heat source parameter (Qh), on linear velocity (U), vertical velocity (V) and temperature (θ) were exhibited. The profile of every governing parameter is displayed for natural as well as forced convection by considering the Ar >> 1 and Ar << 1 respectively. This rate of heat transfer in forced convection is more than equivalent in free convection. So these problems have several applications in engineering and petroleum industries such as electroplating, chemical processing of heavy metals and solar water heaters. Inertial force reducing the heat transfer rate in natural convection but the enhancement of Nu observed in forced convection. The composition of metal particles enhances the heat transfer rate in both convections, which emphasizes the nanofluid significance. Lorentz force is enhancing the heat transfer rate slightly. Heat source obviously increase the rate of heat transfer in both convections. The present paper aims to study the convective high temperature transfer of nanofluids into which viscosity proposed by Einstein and thermal conductivity proposed by Corcione were used.

Keywords: Viscosity; Thermal conductivity; Heat source; MHD; Convection; Thermal slip; Runge–kutta–6th order method; Stretching vertical plate.

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