Combined effects of nonuniform temperature gradients and heat source on double diffusive Benard-Marangoni convection in a porous-fluid system in the presence of vertical magnetic field

Authors: N. Manjunatha, R. Sumithra, R.K. Vanishree 

Volume 8, Issue 1, Paper No. 080104 


 The physical configuration of the problem is a porous-fluid layer which is horizontally unbounded, in the presence of uniform heat source/sink in the layers enclosed by adiabatic and isothermal boundaries.  The problem of double diffusive Bènard-Marangoni convection in the presence of vertical magnetic field is investigated on this porous-fluid system for non-Darcian case and is subjected to uniform and nonuniform temperature gradients.  The eigenvalue, thermal Marangoni number is obtained in the closed form for lower rigid and upper free with surface tension velocity boundary conditions. The influence of various parameters on the Marangoni number against thermal ratio is discussed.  It is observed that the heat absorption in the fluid layer and the applied magnetic field play an important role in controlling Benard-Marangoni convection. The parameters which direct this convection are determined and the effect of porous parameter is relatively interesting.

Keywords: Benard-Marangoni convection; heat source; thermal ratio; magnetic field; temperature gradients; porous-fluid system; adiabatic & isothermal boundaries.

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